PUT FOLIAGE FIRST

Excerpt from Gardening with Foliage First by Karen Chapman and Christina Salwitz

Like an expertly blended cocktail, this citrussy mix has the perfect ratio of sweet and sour notes. Taking the bergenia as inspiration with its large leathery leaves in yellow and green, the other plants (hakonechloa, and dicentra at the back) echo the lemony colours. These are balanecd with a squeeze of lime from the hosta and yellow-margined tricyrtis. Top it all off with a decorative pink flower or two and you have a designer cocktail that’s sure to become a spring favourite.
Spring through autumn offers the most exciting colour medley, with both the dicentra and bergenia adding pink flowers to the mix. In winter the evergreen bergenia will turn burgundy, introducing a new hue into the garden when the perennials are dormant. Underplanting the grass and tricyrtis with snowdrops would be a lovely way to add contrast to the winter scene, and they would perform well in this part-shady location. As the strappy bulb foliage dies back, the emerging perennials will quickly hide them from view. For ongoing care, thin out the bergenia occasionally to stop overwhelming more delicate plants, but otherwise the perennials should be able to blend easily for many years.
Best for: part shade and moisture retaining soil

PLANTS TO USE:

Athyrium filix-femina ‘Dre’s Dagger’
This dwarf deciduous fern has lacy foliage and thrives in moist woodlands in part or full shade. A. filix-femina ‘Vernoniae Cristatum’ is a reliable alternative that may be easier to find. H45cm (18in) S45cm (18in)

Hosta ‘Miss American Pie’
Most hostas prefer moist and semi-shaded conditions like these, but will need protection from slugs. H41cm (16in) S1m (3ft 3in)

Hakonechloa macra ‘Stripe it Rich’
This herbaceous grass cascades into a soft yellow waterfall, each golden blade lightly striped with white. H25cm (10in) S50cm (19in)

Tricyrtis hirta ‘Gilt Edge’
An easy herbaceous perennial for the shade garden. The green leaves are edged with gold and in midsummer freckled purple flowers appear. H60cm (24in)) S30cm (12in)

Bergenia ‘Lunar Glow’ 
This evergreen perennial has new foliage that opens creamy yellow, matures to green, and turns burgundy in winter. Fat spikes of pink flowers in spring. H30cm (12in) S45cm (18in)

Dicentra spectabilis ‘Gold Heart’
This herbaceous perennial is a colourful addition to the shade garden, with apricot-pink stems, pure gold leaves, and rose-pink spring flowers. H and S60-90cm (2-3ft)

READER OFFER
This is an edited extract from Gardening with Foliage First by Karen Chapman and Christina Salwitz (£17.99, Timber Press). To order the book for the special price of £16.50 with free p&p (UK mainland only) please contact EFC bookshop on 01872 562327 or visit www.efcbookshop.com

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